This article is about a lady who introduced a new style of writing in the literary world. Renowned author Ayn Rand, real name Alisa Rosenbaum, was born in St. Petersburg Russian Federation, February 02, 1905. She is much famous for her innovative style in her scholarly work. She was born in a wealthy Jewish family. When the Bolsheviks demanded the drugstore controlled by her father named Fronz, the entire family ran away to Crimea. After many years, they returned to Crimea which was now called Leningrad. Here Ayn Rand took admission in the university.
Her Move to the U.S
While studying in the university, she was invited to the U.S. by her Native American relatives. She arranged for the money by selling off her mother’s jewelry and headed off to New York where she stayed in Ellis Island. She quickly altered her name by selecting a Finish author’s name, Aino and changed it into Ayn. She took the name Rand from her Remington-Rand typewriter and thus was known by the name of Ayn Rand throughout the world.
Later on, she got the chance to move to Hollywood where she started her career by first learning English and working in a wardrobe department as well as an extra actress in various movies. She became a U.S. resident by marrying an American actor named Frank O’Connor because she found him handsome and at that time her visa had also expired, so marriage seemed to be a worthwhile decision. She lived a long life and died in March 06, 1982.
Her Lifetime Achievements
Ayn Rand initially faced rejection by a few publishers, nobody was ready to publish her first screenplay written in 1932 and even her first novel penned down by her in 1936. Her first novel The Fountainhead got published in 1943, after being rejected by ten publishers. But this novel proved to be a big hit. Her genre of books is Nonfiction, Fiction, Literature and Philosophy.
She came up with a new philosophy in her writings by the name of Objectivism, which is against the government intervention of any type. She described her philosophy in her novel Atlas Shrugged published in 1957 by narrating the story of a group who try to escape America’s treachery against poverty. She earned high esteem among philosophers and also voiced backing for Laissez-faire Capitalism.
Ayn Rand worked on some serious matters concerning politics, culture, philosophy and criticism. Along with writing bestselling novels, her work also got place in eminent magazines like Human Events, New York Times Magazine and Cosmopolitan. The Unknown Ideal, which got published in 1966, was among her highly acclaimed books on Capitalism. Many books were written after her death by various writers, who took her articles from her newsletter and then published them.
Her Famous Books and other Work
Explore the books below to discover more about this fascinating writer’s fiction and non-fiction work to have an understanding of the art of writing bestsellers.
Ayn Rand’s Novels
- We the Living
1936 was the year of the publication of the intense story of a young lady’s fight for independence through Russian Revolt, since she is wavering concerning two men, the nobleman she fancies, and the daring communist who adores her.
The exquisitely written masterpiece got in the hands of people in 1938. It is an inspirational fable of a fellow who in a completely communist forthcoming revives his individual logic of self-hood.
- The Fountainhead
This influential novel got published in 1943 and made her famous. The story is of an unruly rebel, architect Howard Roark and his skirmish to survive and work via his personal values.
- Atlas Shrugged
Published in 1957, this is Ayn Rand’s magnum opus. An epic tale of a man who insisted he would end the motor of the world, and did it too. It is the novel in which Rand first exhibited and exaggerated her profound ethics of coherent selfishness, which sprang a scholarly uprising.
Ayn Rand’s Short Stories
- A Philosophy of Literature: 1971
- The Romantic Manifesto: 1969
- The Simplest Thing in the World: 1940
- The Husband I Bought:1926
- Escort: 1929
- Good Copy: 1927
- Her Second Career: 1929
A Glimpse of the Early Ayn Rand was published in 1986, after her death and involves a collection of brief fictions and plays revealing her creative and highbrow development.
Ayn Rand’s Plays
- Ideal: 1934
- Night of January 16th: 1936
- Unconquered: 1938
- Think Twice: 1939
Ayn Rand’s Non-Fiction Books
- The Romantic Manifesto: 1970
- Introduction to Objectivist Epistemology: 1979
- For the New Intellectual: 1961
- The New Left: The Anti-Industrial Revolution: 1971
- The Virtue of Selfishness: 1964
- Capitalism: The Unknown Ideal: 1967
Non-Fiction Printed After Death
- Russian Writings on Hollywood: 1999
- The Ayn Rand Reader: 1999
- Philosophy: Who Needs It: 1982
- The Letters of Ayn Rand: 1995
- The Ayn Rand Column: 1991
- Journals of Ayn Rand: 1997
- The Voice of Reason: 1988
- Ayn Rand’s Marginalia: 1995
Her Role in Literary Innovation
- Both as a philosopher and as a writer, Ayn Rand carried in opposition to the flow.
- By way of a thinker, she was a rigid winner of motive, egoism and strong capitalism.
- As an author, she was a passionate idealistic.
- In both dimensions, she was staggering, unique and unparalleled.
- Also in both characters she attained universal onlookers for her viewpoint of Objectivism.
- The objective of her text according to her was not to portray a ‘Slice of Life,’ but to cast her proper image of man ‘as he might and ought to be.’
- So, the heroes of her blockbusters, The Fountainhead, We the Living, Atlas Shrugged, and Anthem are gallant, creative and original mavericks, tormented supermen in a creation of insignificant resentful.
- Declining the concept that a thoughtful novel is unexciting, she sensationalized her metaphysical subjects in complex strategies overloaded with influence, desire, quest and dignity.
How much was she criticized?
Several theorists have condemned Objectivist principles. Philosopher Robert Nozick, and Charles King argued that Rand’s introductory disagreement in beliefs is illogical because it does not clarify why somebody cannot wisely favor perishing and holding no ethics. He claims that her effort to guard the scruples of egoism is an example of pleading the interrogation. Charles King mauled Rand’s sample of an immortal robot to exhibit the worth of life as improper and perplexing.
Development by other Authors
Numerous novelists have established and joined Rand’s philosophies in their specific creations.
- Rand called Peikoff’s The Ominous Parallels: 1982, as ‘the initial manuscript by an Objectivist thinker excluding me.’ In 1991, Peikoff put out Objectivism: The Philosophy of Ayn Rand, a complete elucidation of Rand’s philosophy.
- Chris Matthew Sciabarra debates Rand’s philosophies and speculates about their logical pedigrees in Ayn Rand: The Russian Radical: 1995.
- Reviews like On Ayn Rand by Allan Gotthelf: 1999
- Ayn Rand by Tibor R. Machan: 2000
- Objectivism in One Lesson by Andrew Bernstein: 2009 offers short summaries to Rand’s ideas.
- Machan has established Rand’s background notion of mortal awareness while also describing the perceptions of J. L. Austin and Gilbert Harman in productions like Objectivity: 2004.
- David Kelley has explained Rand’s epistemological thoughts in creations such as A Theory of Abstraction: 2001, and The Evidence of the Senses: 1986.
- In the subject of consciences, Kelley has reasoned in efforts such as Unrugged Individualism: 1996.
- A writer who centers on Rand’s morals, Tara Smith, remains nearer to Rand’s innovative concepts in workings as Moral Rights and Political Freedom:1995, Viable Values: 2000, and Ayn Rand’s Normative Ethics: 2006.
- The Logical Leap: Induction in Physics: 2010. In partnership with Peikoff, David Harriman has created a philosophy of systematic orientation built upon Rand’s philosophy.
- The dogmatic features of Rand’s viewpoint are debated by Bernstein in The Capitalist Manifesto: 2005.
- In Capitalism: A Treatise on Economics: 1996.
- George Reisman tries to incorporate Objectivist approach and understandings, equally with Classical and Austrian finances.
- In psychology, Professor Edwin A. Locke and Ellen Kenner have discovered Rand’s concepts in The Selfish Path to Romance: How to Love with Passion & Reason.
- Other writers have searched the relevance of Objectivism to topics extending from art, in the book What Art Is by Louis Torres plus Michelle Marder Kamhi: 2000, to the principle of plan and purpose in the physical world, as in The Biological Basis of Teleological Concepts by Harry Binswanger: 1990.
Ayn Rand’s Art of Writing
Ayn Rand transcribed works commending persons to be self-interested. What Rand supports is a tactic to life that’s nothing like whatsoever you’ve ever received earlier. Selfishness, in her viewpoint, signifies:
- Abide by purpose, not impulses or belief.
- Work rigorously to accomplish a life of determination and utility.
- Produce sincere self-respect.
- Follow your personal contentment like your uppermost ethical objective.
- Flourish by considering others as beings, swapping regard for regard.