The famous author and philosopher, Ayn Rand, who took the world by storm because of her unique philosophy, Objectivism. Ayn Rand was basically from Russia but came to the U.S and lived the rest of her life in this country. She not only conquered the English language, which was not her mother tongue but also wrote numerous books, screen plays and articles. She died in 1982, yet is still remembered because of her creativity and innovative philosophies in the literary world.
Her Philosophy Objectivism
If you perceive the world’s fundamental concepts about existence, you’ll come upon mainly two divisions, those who are extremists, considered to be very religious, whereas the other side reflects the liberal attitude towards life. So, we can say that the two diverse views are based mainly on conservatives and liberals. However, Objectivism completely rejects this notion and promotes secularism or absolutism, nowhere in alliance with liberalism, conservatism or even mediocrity. You can understand it better by the words pure, laissez-faire capitalism.
Though, she was heavily criticized by her peers but there were those who followed in her footsteps and in our times, the number of pursuers have, but only increased. She endorsed reality to the extent of rejecting even God, and asked people to believe only in facts, which must be always faced not evaded. To give a clear view to her beliefs, she categorized her philosophy into four segments, Metaphysics: Objective Reality, Epistemology: Reason, Ethics: Self-interest and Politics: Capitalism.
Metaphysics: Objective Reality
Ayn Rand’s philosophy was not out of this world. She was much influenced by a number of well-known philosopher’s including Aristotle. The only thing was that her philosophy wasn’t accepted at the time of her existence with open arms because in that time, people felt uncomfortable with such a notion. It was considered an objectionable thought that a man should turn into a selfish being, rather than being a selfless person.
- Objectivism was based on the philosophy of living only by accepting the facts, and achievement of happiness for oneself was the ultimate life goal, set by her.
- The significance of her views is that if people want to live a fruitful life, they must do so by believing and embracing only the reality.
- For the fulfillment of all our worldly desires, one should plan, and act accordingly without any wishes, elections and praying.
- In her eyes, reality is what one sees and what happens, not something that has only been heard of.
- She didn’t believe in faith and reflected that it led to further groundless theories, without providing any awareness.
Ayn Rand’s next theory displays her love for reasoning at all times. She stressed on the issue of facts and asked public to live their lives by accepting facts and truth. No form of emotion, religion, mysticism and skepticism was acknowledged by her. She claimed that successful existence of human beings is possible through absolute reason, whether agreeable or disagreeable. The aim of epistemology is to benefit in teaching us how to reason, how to ponder theoretically, how to accurately outline our standings, how to shape and utilize values.
Rand debates the matter of self-interest by persisting that human beings do not have any set platform of survival to devise their lives and attain their goals with. She argues her point by stressing on the necessity of using only self-rights and self-interests for basic persistence of life. Otherwise, a person might be a failure and have to live under the control of those who are better than him in choosing their way. Hence, man is here to live his own independent life by way of complete liberty.
The last of the Objectivism category deals with Capitalism or laissez-faire. This point gives emphasis on the rights of humans, which must be conserved by the government at all costs. Rand says that government and capitalism are two separate things and government should never intervene in people’s life by force. The concept of maintenance and order should prevail but in strict limits, only to protect the rights of the public. People must get complete freedom to live their life on their own principles, preferably through reasoning; however no one will have the right to harm other’s privileges.
To sum it up, the crucial ideologies of Objectivism are; reality is unconditional, reason is people’s lone channel of understanding, the society has the open will, self-interest is ethical, individual entitlements are outright, and capitalism is honorable.